Anatomic pathology Syllabus in Russia, Other CIS & Eastern Europe
- Pathology is taught in Russia, other CIS & Eastern Europe in the traditional way where the syllabus is divided into 2 subjects that are usually taught parallelly in the 3rd academic year:
- Anatomic pathology/Pathanatomy: Focuses on the structural aspect of the pathology including histopathology (Changes in the tissues, organs, systems & their clinical consequences)
- Pathophysiology: Focuses on the dynamic aspect of the pathology (Etiology, pathogenesis, MOD of the clinical/lab manifestations, consequences & pathophysiological basis of the treatment)
FAQs about Anatomic pathology in Russia vs India
- When do they teach Anatomic pathology in Russia, Other CIS & Eastern Europe? Usually taught in the 3rd academic year
- Which countries teach Anatomic pathology & Pathophysiology separately? Many European countries especially Eastern Europe, All CIS, South American countries & China.
- What is taught under Anatomic pathology in Russia, Other CIS & Eastern Europe? especially the structural aspect of the pathology including histopathology (Changes in the tissues, organs, systems & their clinical consequences)
- Do they teach Anatomic pathology & Pathophysiology separately in India? No, they teach both under a single subject “Pathology”
- When do they teach Pathology in India? Pathology is taught in 2nd MBBS
- Is there a drastic difference between the depth of content taught/tested in India & Russia, Other CIS & Eastern Europe? Yes, the depth of the contents taught in India is more than in Russia, especially for the English medium.
Anatomic pathology/Pathanatomy syllabus
- Subject: Anatomic pathology AKA Pathanatomy AKA Pathomorphology
- Semesters: 5-6
- Tentative hours of lectures: 62 hours
- Tentative hours of practicals: 84 hours
- Exam: after 2 semesters
- Emphasis on the CIS syllabi: It’s wise to emphasize that this Curriculum/syllabus is tentative & the subject’s distribution or teaching hours or exams might vary in different universities and CIS.
Brief description of the course
- Anatomic pathology/Pathological anatomy is the component part of pathology which includes an extensive region of biology and medicine and studying different aspects of diseases.
- Anatomic pathology/Pathological anatomy is the scientific study of the origin and development of diseases.
- It includes pathological anatomy, pathological physiology, and pathological biochemistry.
- Pathological process is consecutive reactions against of damaging influence of a pathological agent, leading to disturbance of homeostasis.
- Division of “pathological anatomy”:
- General course: common pathological processes
- Special pathological anatomy
- Clinical pathomorphology
- Ecology, Molecular biology, and medicine genetic, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Anatomy, Histology, Embryology, Physiology.
- Study of structural manifestation of common pathological processes & systemic pathology.
- Organize the knowledge about reasons and mechanisms of structural changes at common pathological processes in dynamic (morphogenesis) & & systemic pathology.
- Training to the identification of differential signs of pathological processes & systemic pathology, their complications, and outcomes.
- Mastering of the skills and abilities of macro and microscopic examination the preparations with pathological processes & systemic pathology,
- A student must know:
- The structural manifestation of the common pathological processes & systemic pathology,
- The reasons, mechanisms, and pathogenesis of structural changes of common pathological processes & systemic pathology, morphogenesis, outcomes.
- Basic morphologic differential signs of pathological processes & systemic pathology,
- Lectures: Integrated & problem based
- Practical lessons:
- Active learning methods – training based on a clinical case (CBL), team teaching method (TBL).
- Traditional methods – work with macro-preparations (description) and histological preparations for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular, urogenital, musculoskeletal, nervous, digestive, endocrine, and hematopoietic systems (microscopy, sketch, description), tables, stain, photomicrographs.
- Analysis of the major questions of the topic, the decision of situational problems, testing.
- Individual work: independent work with training and additional literature, training and protection of the presentation by the morphological features of respiratory diseases, cardiovascular, genitourinary, musculoskeletal, nervous, digestive, endocrine, and hematopoietic systems.
Lectures: topics, Interim assessments (Controls) & number of hours
|1. Introduction to Pathological anatomy, History of the department. Methods of teaching. Autopsy. Signs of death, postmortem changes.||2|
|2. Morphology of reversible and irreversible cell and tissue injury. Necrosis. Apoptosis. Degeneration, notion. Parenchymal degeneration.||2|
|3. Stromal-vascular degeneration.||2|
|4. Mixed degeneration.||4|
|5. Disturbances of the circulation.||4|
|6. Credit control||2|
|8. Immune system pathology.||2|
|9. Processes of Adaptation and Regeneration.||2|
|10. Introduction into Tumor||4|
|11. Credit control||2|
|12. CVS including cerebrovascular diseases||6|
|13. Credit control||2|
|14. Anemia. Neoplasms of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues.||2|
|15. Diseases of the lungs.||2|
|16. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.||2|
|17. Diseases of the liver and biliary tract.||2|
|18. Diseases of kidneys.||2|
|19. Credit control||2|
|20. Viral airborne infections||2|
|21. Bacterial airborne infections||2|
|22. Bacterial intestinal diseases||2|
|23. Pyogenic infections. Sepsis.||2|
|25. Credit control of infectious diseases.||2|
|26. Diseases of the endocrine system.||2|
|27. Diseases of the male genital system.||2|
|28. Diseases of the placenta and umbilical cord. Pregnancy and postpartum diseases.||2|
|29. Diseases of the locomotor system.||2|
|30. Diseases of the nervous system.||2|
|31. Credit control||2|
Practical classes: topics & number of hours
|1. Intracellular and extracellular accumulation. Morphology of injury and death of cells and tissues. Necrosis and apoptosis.||6|
|2. Disorders of blood circulation.||6|
|4. Pathomorphology of the immune system.||6|
|8. Systemic diseases of connective tissue||6|
|9. Diseases of the respiratory system.||6|
|10. Tuberculosis & Childhood infections.||6|
|11. GIT & biliary.||6|
|13. Diseases of kidneys.||6|
|14. Genital system & perinatal pathology.||6|
Interim assessments (Controls) & Exam
- Interim assessment (Chapter-wise controls) : MCQs + situational tasks & Spotter with Viva (practical)
- Final exam: Spotter with Viva
Sample Control & Exam questions
- The score ranges from 5 to 1:
- 5 is “excellent” → Otlichno
- 4 is “good” → Khorosho
- 3 is “satisfactory” → Udovletvoritel’no
- 2 is “unsatisfactory” → Neudovletvoritel’no
- Струков А.И. Патологическая анатомия: Учебник / А.И.Струков, В.В.Серов. – М.: Литтера, 2010. – 848с. (Учеб. лит. для студ. мед. вузов).
- Шевченко Н.И. Патологическая анатомия: Учеб. пособие для медвузов / Шевченко Н. И., Муканова Ж..И. – М.: Владос, 2005. – 285 с.
- Кук Р.А. Цветной атлас патологической анатомии: пер. с англ. / Р. А. Кук, Б. Стеварт. – М.: Логосфера, 2005. – 282 с.: ил.
- Пальцев М.А. Патология: Учебник (в 2-х томах)/ М.А.Пальцев, В.С.Пауков. – М.: Гэотар-Медиа, 2010. – 1000с.
- Rоbbins S.W., Kumar V. Basic Pathology. / 4 nd Ed, W.B. Saunders Company. – Philadelphia-London-Toronto-Sydney, 1987. – 158p.
- Traditional Lecture in Anatomic pathology/Pathanatomy (Russian language):
- Traditional Class in Anatomic pathology/Pathanatomy (Russian language):
- Exam in Anatomic pathology/Pathanatomy (Russian language):