- Almost all FMGE aspirants in dilemma about The Best method of revision for FMGE.
- We will provide insight into the scientific basis of the revision & effective method of FMGE revision.
- Forgetting curve Ebbinghaus:
- Hermann Ebbinghaus, a German psychologist who pioneered in the experimental study of learning vs memory & known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect (spaced repetition or distributed learning) before 150 years ago.
- Massive forgetting actually happens within hours of the initial learning session & you will already have forgotten about 70 % of what you learned even before Day 2 arrives,
- The neurological basis of learning & retention (memory):
- Short term memory (STM): when you learn something the information is readily available for a short period of time is called “Short term memory” which is believed to be processed in the Hippocampus
- Long term memory (LTM): repeating or rehearsing the information stored in the “Short term memory” will transform into the “Long term memory” through a process called consolidation (Synaptic & systems consolidation) which is believed to be processed in the neocortex.
- Phases retention of the new information acquired (Optimal memory curve):
- First 24 hours: exposure and analysis of the new material
- Within the first week: memorization and synthesis
- Within the first month: consolidation
- Two unique levels of processing by Craik and Lockhart:
- Shallow Processing: achieved through repetition of the structural and phonemic properties of the information to support supports short-term retention.
- Deep Processing: linking the new information with previous ones through meaningful connection to create durable, long-term memories (easy to recall).
- Why do we forget?
- Cue-dependent forgetting mechanism: retrieval failure to recall a memory due to missing stimuli or cues that were present at the time the memory was encoded & Spaced repetition or distributed learning is proved to decrease this mechanism.
- Decay theory: “memory trace” is a neurochemical or physical change formed in the brain when something new is learned & the “memory trace” decays when information is not occasionally recalled (STM → Spaced repetition → Repeated firing of the neurons → consolidation → structural change → LTM)
- Interference theory: competition between the processing of the older & newly learned information leads to forgetting of older information (Spaced repetition decreases this mechanism too).
- Spaced repetition or distributed learning (spacing effect):
- Full understanding and knowledge can grow deeper with persistence, routine, and practice.
- Distributed Practice or spaced repetition is proved to be the best method of accelerated learning & retention.
- Distributed practice(multiple sessions practice) on contrary to massed practice gives better results→ able to cut study time nearly in half with the same results
What obvious? Low decaying & high recall
Effective Frequency of the FMGE Revision:
- 5 revisions will be optimal but a minimum of 3 revisions are essential.
- Frequency & interval between revisions based on educational psychology
10 common revision techniques:
- High Effectiveness:
- Practice Testing
- Distributed Practice (returning to topics over a longer period of time)
- Moderate Effectiveness:
- Interleaved practice (chunking up and mixing up topics)
- Elaborative interrogation (Asking ‘why’ and making connections)
- Self-explanation (linking new information to existing information)
- Low Effectiveness:
- Highlighting/ underlining
- Keyword mnemonic
- Image use
DMA’s Suggested the effective method of revision:
- 3R (read-recite-review): Modified Feynman technique by McDaniel and Scott Young.
- Read: Read the passages, terms, or concepts that you need to memorize.
- Use 3 color coding while reading (Von Restorff effect): Green for high yield but easy to recall / yellow high yield but confusing & Orange for high yield but unable to recall.
- Recite: Recall & Recite out loud all of what you can remember.
- Review: Again read the passage, term, or concept that you need to memorize again (Make notes of any information you couldn’t recall).