In 1994, the U.S. DNA Identification Act was enacted and signed into law by President Clinton as part of comprehensive federal crime legislation. Despite authorizing the FBI director to create a national DNA database, the system did not become operational until 1998. The central index would include identification records of criminals and forensic analyzes of DNA samples collected from crime scenes and unidentified human remains. The law included requirements for proficiency testing and privacy protection requirements, along with penalties for violations.
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